亚博国际登录

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讓黃河成為造福人民的幸福河

huangheanlan,guotaiminan。

亚博国际登录  1952nian10yue,maozedongtongzhiyuriliwanjizhizhongqishen,laidaotariyeqianguadehuanghebian。zheshixinzhongguochenglizhihou,maozedongtongzhidiyicizhuanchenglijingshicha。congjinanluokoudabadaoxuzhouhuanghegudao,conglankaodongbatoudaokaifengliuyuankou,congzhengzhoumangshanzhidingdaoxinxiangyinhuangqupan,tachakanfanghongxingshi,xunwenzhihuangfanglve,zhanwangdaheqianjing。mianduizhetiaomuqinhe,taxinchaopengpai,yeyousinanfu,qiandingningwanzhufu:“yaobahuanghedeshiqingbanhao”,“buran,woshishuibuhaojuede”。

亚博国际登录  2019nian9yue17ri,xinzhongguochengli70zhounianqianxi,zhengzhouhuangheguojiadizhigongyuanlinheguangchang,xijinpingzongshujipinglanyuantiao。yanqiandehuanghe,tiangaoshuikuo,lincaofengmao,yipianboboshengji。zaicirizhaokaidezuotanhuishang,zongshujifabiaozhongyaojianghua,haoqingmanhuaidifachule“ranghuanghechengweizaofurenmindexingfuhe”dehaozhao,tongshi,yezhizhihuanghedezhongzhongjinyou、yinhuan。zongshujishizaiweixinshidaihuangheliuyushengtaibaohuhegaozhiliangfazhan,bohuazhanxindehongweilantu。

  xinzhongguochengliyilai,huanghezaiyidaidailingdaorendexiongzhongbentengjidang;bansuizhuxinzhongguohaodangqianxingdebufa,huangheyebijianggenghaodizaofuzhongguorenminhezhonghuaminzu。

黃河,一個民族的光榮與夢想

  “huanghezhishuitianshanglai,benliudaohaibufuhui。”huanghe,xiqibayankalashan,dongrubohai,beidiyinshan,nandaqinling,hengkuaqingzanggaoyuan、neimenggugaoyuan、huangtugaoyuanhehuabeipingyuansigedimaodanyuan、sanjidixingjieti,liujingqinghai、sichuan、gansu、ningxia、neimenggu、shanxi、shanxi、henan、shandongdengjiugeshengqu,liuyumianji79.5wanpingfanggongli(hanneiliuqumianji4.2wanpingfanggongli),quanchang5464gongli,shiwoguojinciyuchangjiangdedierdahe,yeshishijiediwudahe。huanghezhongshangyouyishandiweizhu,zhongxiayouyipingyuan、qiulingweizhu,zailiujingtuzhishusongdehuangtugaoyuandiqushi,xiedailedaliangnisha,yinerchengweishijieshanghanshaliangzuigaodedahe。zaozaizhanguoshidai,renmenjiucengyong“zhuohe”laichenghuhuanghe,daoletangchaozhengshichengwei“huanghe”。

亚博国际登录  huangheshizhonghuaminzudeyaolan,“meiyouhuanghe,jiumeiyouwomenzhegeminzu”。qianbainianlai,haohaohuangheshui,tongchangjiangyiqi,buyulezhonghuaminzu,yunyulecanlanhuihuangdezhonghuawenming。lishishang,“he”cengshihuanghedezhuancheng。zixiazhisong,huangheliuyuzuoweizhengzhi、jingji、wenhuazhongxindeshijianchangda3000duonian,yunyulehehuangwenhua、heluowenhua、guanzhongwenhua、qiluwenhuadeng,fenbuyouzhengzhou、xian、luoyang、kaifeng、anyangdenggudou。congyanhuangerdi,daokongzi、mengzi、laozi、mozi、hanfeizi、sunzidengsixiangjujiang,congchuanshuozhongdehetu、luoshu,dao《shijing》、《yijing》、《daodejing》、《shiji》yizhihanfu、tangshi、songci,congzaozhishu、yinshuashu、zhinanzhen、huoyaodengsidafaming,daotianxianglifa、nongxue、yixue、shuilideng,zhonghuawenhuadezhuduoyuandian、gudaiyixiezhongdadekejichengguo,doudanshengyuzhepiantudi。huanghebaizhebunao、yiwangwuqian,suzaolezhonghuaminzugangjianyouwei、ziqiangbuxideminzupinge,shizhonghuaminzudezhongyaoxiangzheng、zhonghuaminzujingshendezhongyaobiaozhi。

  新中國成立后,黨和國家對治理開發黃河極為重視。1952年10月底至11月初,毛澤東同志利用中央批準他休假的時間,專程考察黃河,發出“要把黃河的事情辦好”的號召。這句話后來廣為流傳,成為動員和激勵幾代人治理黃河的響亮口號。他還多次提出策馬考察黃河的設想,但因種種原因未能如愿。圖為1952年10月31日,毛澤東同志在河南鄭州邙山凝望黃河。 新華社發

亚博国际登录  zaizhepianzhongyaojianghuazhong,xijinpingzongshujishenkezhichu,huangheliuyugouchengwoguozhongyaodeshengtaipingzhang,shiwoguozhongyaodejingjididai,shidayingtuopingongjianzhandezhongyaoquyu,zaiwoguojingjishehuifazhanheshengtaianquanfangmianjuyoushifenzhongyaodediwei,“baohuhuangheshishiguanzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdeqianqiudaji”。

  dangdeshibadayilai,xijinpingzongshujiyizhiguanhuai、qianguazhuhuanghedebaohuyuzhili,yicicibucixinku,benfuyanhuangjiushengqukaochadiaoyan,zujibianbudaheshangxia、changchengneiwai。2014nian3yue,xijinpingzongshujilaidaohenanlankao,zhongwenjiaoyuludangniandailinglankaorenminfangzhifengshashizhantiandoudidegemingjingshen,zhuanmenlaidaohuanghezuihouyiwan——weiyudongbatoudehuangheanbian,xixixunwenhuanghefangxunhetanququnzhongshengchanshenghuoqingkuang。2016nian7yue,zainingxia,taqiangdiaoyaojiaqianghuanghebaohu,jianjuedujuewuranhuanghedexingwei,rangmuqinheyongyuanjiankang。2016nian8yue,zaiqinghai,tatingquhuangheyuantouelinghu—zhalinghuguancedianshengtaibaohuqingkuanghuibao,zhutuoyaoquebao“yijiangqingshuixiangdongliu”。2017nian6yue,zaishanxijinsuibianqugemingjinianguan,taxunfangmaozedongdengzhongyanglingdaotongzhiduguohuanghezhuzhayucidezuji,yongshenzhiyuhuanghewenhuade“lvliangjingshen”gulidangdiganbuqunzhong。2019nian8yue,zaigansu,tashenrulejiehuanghezhiliheshengtaibaohuqingkuang,yaoqiugansushouxiandanfuqihuangheshangyoushengtaixiufu、shuitubaochihewuranfangzhidezhongren,zaibaochihuangheshuitijiankangfangmianxianfali、daihaotou。9yue,talaidaohenan,qinlinhuanghebowuguan、huangheguojiadizhigongyuan,shenrulejiezhonghuaminzudezhihuanglishi,shidichakanhuanghedeshengtaibaohuhedifangjianshe。bulvsuozhi,xinzhisuoxiang,jinshiguanqie。

  zaizhepianzhongyaojianghuazhong,xijinpingzongshujishenkezongjiezhonghuaminzuzhihuangshi,shenrupouxihuanghezhilidenantizhengjie,mingquetichulehuangheliuyushengtaibaohuhegaozhiliangfazhandemubiaorenwubingjiangqishangshengweizhongdaguojiazhanlve。zheyiqiansuoweiyoudequanxindingwei,weixinshidaihuanghebaohuzhiligongzuokaipilequanxinshiye;zheyizhongdazhanlvedeshishi,bijiangkaiqidajiangdahede“dazhishidai”,puxiezhonghuaminzuyongxufazhandequanxinpianzhang。

只有中國共產黨能把黃河的事情辦好

  huangheshizhonghuaminzudemuqinhe,yeshiyitiaojieaonanxundeyouhuanhe。

亚博国际登录  “kaifengcheng,chengluocheng。”guchengkaifeng,qianbainianlaiyinhuanghekuijueershucibeiyan,jinridehuanghehechuang,gaochukaifengdimianshiyumi。zaikaifengchengdedixia3mizhi12michu,dieyazhu6zuochengchi,baokuo3zuoguodou、2zuoshengchenghe1zuozhongyuanzhongzhen,fenbieshizhanguoshiqiweiguodaliangcheng、tangbianzhoucheng、wudaijibeisongdongjingcheng、jinbianjingcheng、mingkaifengchengheqingkaifengcheng。cengcengdieyade6zuogucheng,jianzhengleshuqiannianlaihuangheshuihuangeihuangheliuyuminzhongdailaideshenzhongzainan。

亚博国际登录  zaizhepianzhongyaojianghuazhong,xijinpingzongshujishenkezongjielechangqiyilaihuangheshuihaidelishi。huanghesulai“shanyu、shanjue、shanxi”,lishishangceng“sannianliangjuekou、bainianyigaidao”。jutongji,congxianqindaojiefangqiande2500duonianjian,huanghexiayougongjueyi1500duoci,dadegaidao26ci,yingxiangbeidatianjin、qinxihaiheshuixi,nandijianghuai、qinxihuaiheshuixi,zongheng25wanpingfanggongli,shuihuansuozhi,“chengguohuaiju,xujipiaoliu,baixingmuqi,qianliwulu”。tebieshihuangheduohuairuhai,duijianghuaidiquchanshengzhongdayingxiang,zaochenglehuaiheliuyu700yuniandezainanshi。

  huangheshuihuan,jiyoutianzai,yiyourenhuo。zaifengjianshehuizhanzhenghejunfahunzhanshiqi,renweiyinsudaozhidehuanghejuekouduoda12ci。xijinpingzongshujizhuanmentidaoleguomindangzhizaodecanjuerenhuande“huayuankoujuedi”shijian。1938nian,jiangjieshixialingbajuezhengzhoubeicehuayuankouhuanghedadi,yishuidaibing,zuzhiqinhuarijun,jieguozaochengyu、wan、su3sheng44gexianshishouyan,shouzairenkou1250wan,siwangrenkoushangbaiwan。furaodeyuwansupingyuanchengweiliannianzaihuangdehuangfanqu,bojimianjida5400pingfanggongli,shubaiwanbaixingbeijinglixiang、liulishisuo。“bailibujianchuiyanqi,weiyouhuangshapukongcheng。wujinghuangcaohutupao,zeguoluweihamaming”,jiushizhechangjienanhouhuangfanqudezhenshixiezhao。

亚博国际登录  “huanghening,tianxiaping。”huanghezhilishikunraozhonghuaminzujiqianniandezhongdananti,quanqiusuoyoudajiangdahecunzaidewentijihudounengzaihuanghexundaozongji,erhuanghedenisha、xuanhe、duanliudengwentiyoukanchengshijiezhizui。lishishang,weilebahuanghezhihao,congdayuzhishuidaomingdaipanjixun“shushuigongsha”,conghanwudi“huzidukou”daokangxidiba“hewu、caoyun”kezaigongtingdezhuzishang……yibujianxindezhihuangshi,nongsuochuzhonghuaminzudekunanshi、fendoushi、zhiguoshi。changqiyilai,shouzirantiaojian、shengchanlishuiping、shehuizhidu、renweipohuaidengzhukeguantiaojiandezhiyue,huanghelvzhilvjuedejumianshizhongmeiyoudedaogenbengaiguan,huangheanlandemeihaoyuanwangyizhinanyishixian。

  huanghezhilideqiangunantilishixingdijiaodaolezhongguogongchandangshouzhong。1946nian,zhongguogongchandanglingdaochenglilejiluyujiefangquhuangheshuiliweiyuanhui,fankailerenminzhihuangdexinpianzhang。xinzhongguochenglihou,zhongguogongchandangxiadingjuexindailingrenmin,conggenbenshanggaibianhuanghebaonveweihaidelishi。jingguo70duoniandejianxintansuohebuxiedouzheng,zhongguogongchandangjiaochuleyifengenguweiyoudeyouyidezhihuangdajuan。zaizhepianzhongyaojianghuazhong,xijinpingzongshujicong“shuishazhiliqudexianzhuchengxiao”、“shengtaihuanjingchixumingxianxianghao”、“fazhanshuipingbuduantisheng”deng3gefangmian,shenruzongjielexinzhongguochengliyilaitebieshidangdeshibadayilaihuanghezhiliqudedejudachengjiu。

  1946年,中國共產黨在山東菏澤領導成立了冀魯豫解放區黃河水利委員會這一人民治黃機構。自那時起,在中國共產黨領導下,黃河治理保護工作不斷取得重大成就,創造了伏秋大汛歲歲安瀾的奇跡。圖為山東省淄博市木李鄉(今木李鎮)農民在治黃工地上勞動。 新華社發

  zaidangzhongyangjianqianglingdaoxia,yanhuangjunminhehuanghejianshezhekaizhanle4cidaguimodifangjianshe,xingjianlelongyangxia、liujiaxia、xiaolangdidengyipizhongyaoshuilishuniu,shixianlecongbeidongzhilidaozhudongdiaokongbinghenhaoliyongdezhongdatupo。lishishang,danghongshuiliuliangchaoguomeimiao1wanlifangmishi,huanghexiayoujiuyaojuekoufanlan。xinzhongguochengliyilai,xianhouchuxianle12cihongfengliuliangdayumeimiao1wanlifangmidehongshui,huanghequezaiyemeiyoujueguokou,chuangzaolesuisuianlandexinjilu。jin20nian,huanghehanshaliangleijixiajiangchaoguo8cheng。

  kexueliyongranghuanghezhenzhengyou“haihe”bianchengle“lihe”。tongguoziliuyinshui、tishuiguangai、jieshuigaizao,huangheliuyuyinhuangguangaimianjizengchangle10duobei,xiridekujizhidibianchenglegaochanliangtian,xingchengleguojiazhongyaodeliangmianshengchanjidi。yinhuangjijin、yinhuangjiqing、yinhuangrujidengyindiaoshuigongcheng,youxiaohuanjieletianjin、shandong、hebeidengdiququeshuidezhuangkuang,youlizhichenglehuabeidiqudejingjishehuikechixufazhan。huangheshuidianziyuandedaoyouxukaifa,2018nianhuangheganliu16zuoshuidianzhanzhuangjirongliangyida1083wanqianwa。shuituliushizonghefangzhichengxiaoxianzhu,shixianle“renjinshatui”dezhishaqiji,xiripaoshui、paotu、paofeide“sanpaotian”bianchenglebaoshui、baotu、baofeide“sanbaotian”,shanguangshuizhuodehuangtugaoyuanmaijinleshanchuanxiumeidexinshidai。

  huanghesuisuianlan,zheyizhonghuaminzudeqiannianmengxiang,zhongyuzaizhongguogongchandangdelingdaoxiabianchengleshengdongxianshi!xijinpingzongshujigankaidao:“shijianzhengming,zhiyouzaizhongguogongchandanglingdaoxia,fahuishehuizhuyizhiduyoushi,cainengzhenzhengshixianhuanghezhilicongbeidongdaozhudongdelishixingzhuanbian,conggenbenshanggaibianhuanghesannianliangjuekoudecantongzhuangkuang。”

共同抓好大保護、協同推進大治理

亚博国际登录  huanghezhilichengjiuwubihuihuang,danhuangheyizhiyilaitiruoduobing,shuihuanpinfan,baohuhezhili、kaifaheliyongzhepiandawenzhangrengganggangqibi,huanyoubushaotuchukunnanhewentixuyaojiejue。zaizhepianzhongyaojianghuazhong,xijinpingzongshujixianmingzhichulesigefangmiandewenti。conghongshuifengxiankan,xiayoufanghongduanbantuchu,“dishangxuanhe”xingshiyanjun,youdeheduanshenzhigaoyudimian20mi,huangheshuihaiyinhuanrengxiangyibalijianxuanzaitoushang,sihaobunengfangsongjingti;congshengtaihuanjingkan,huangheliuyushuizhiwuranyiranyanzhong,2018nianhuanghe137geshuizhiduanmianzhong,lievleishuizhanbida12.4%,yuangaoyuquanguo6.7%depingjunshuiping;congshuiziyuanbaozhangxingshikan,gongxumaodunjianrui,renjunzhanyouliangjinweiquanguopingjunshuipingde27%,shuiziyuankaifaliyonglvyuanchaojingjiexian;congfazhanzhiliangkan,fazhanbupinghengbuchongfenwentituchu,yuantoudeqinghaiyushuzhouyuruhaikoudeshandongdongyingshirenjundiqushengchanzongzhixiangchachaoguo10bei。zhejiugaojiewomen:huanghedeshiqingrenheshihoudoubunenggaozhenwuyou,huangheliuyushengtaibaohuhegaozhiliangfazhanrenzhongerdaoyuan。

亚博国际登录  huangheliuyudetuchukunnanhewenti,jiyouxiantianbuzudekeguanzhiyue,yeyouhoutianshiyangderenweiyinsu,“biaoxiangzaihuanghe,genzizailiuyu”。zheyixiliewentigairuhepojie?yiduanshijianyilai,xijinpingzongshujiyizhizaisikao。“zhongzaibaohu,yaozaizhili”,tuidonghuangheliuyushengtaibaohuhegaozhiliangfazhan,zhejiushixijinpingzongshujishensishulvhoudedasilu。

  zaizhepianzhongyaojianghuazhong,xijinpingzongshujiduituidonghuangheliuyushengtaibaohuhegaozhiliangfazhanzuochulezhongyaobushu:jianchilvshuiqingshanjiushijinshanyinshandelinian,jianchishengtaiyouxian、lvsefazhan,yishuierding、liangshuierxing,yindizhiyi、fenleishice,shangxiayou、ganzhiliu、zuoyouantongchoumouhua,gongtongzhuahaodabaohu,xietongtuijindazhili,zhulijiaqiangshengtaibaohuzhili、baozhanghuanghechangzhijiuan、cujinquanliuyugaozhiliangfazhan、gaishanrenminqunzhongshenghuo、baohuchuanchenghongyanghuanghewenhua,ranghuanghechengweizaofurenmindexingfuhe。

  小浪底水利樞紐工程是治理黃河的關鍵控制性工程,投運以來有效發揮了“防洪、防凌、減淤、供水、灌溉、發電”的綜合效益,為保障黃河中下游人民生命財產安全、促進經濟社會發展、保護生態環境作出了巨大貢獻。圖為小浪底大壩泄洪。 水利部宣傳教育中心供圖 馬貴安/攝

  hechuanzhiweishishengtaihuanjingzhiwei,yeguanhuminzucunxu、wenmingchuancheng。cengjingfanhuadeloulanguchengyinkongquehegaidaoershuailuo,zheyangdelizizailishishangbingbushaojian。tuidonghuangheliuyushengtaibaohuhegaozhiliangfazhan,bixujianchishengtaiyouxian,bashengtaihuanjingbaohubaizaidiyiwei。ruhejiaqianghuangheliuyushengtaihuanjingbaohu?xijinpingzongshujigeichulexianmingzhiyin:conghuangheshengtaixitongzheyiyoujizhengtichufa,chongfenkaolvshangzhongxiayoudechayi,fenleishice。huangheshangyou,congheyuandaoneimengguhekouzhen,heduanchang3472gongli,shihuangheliuyuzhongyaodeshuiyuanhanyangdi,tebieshisanjiangyuandiqu,beiyuwei“zhonghuashuita”。zheyiquyuyaozhenduijubudiqushengtaixitongtuihua、shuiyuanhanyanggongnengjiangdidewenti,tuijinshishiyipizhongdashengtaibaohuxiufuhejianshegongcheng,tishengshuiyuanhanyangnengli。huanghezhongyou,xiqihekouzhendongzhizhengzhoutaohuayu,heduanchang1206gongli,shihuanghenishadezhuyaolaiyuanqu,tongshiyeshizhongyaodenengyuanjidi、daxingguanqu,yaotuchuzhuahaoshuitubaochihewuranzhili。duici,zongshujitebieqiangdiao,shuitubaochibushijiandanwajigekengzhongjikeshu,huangtugaoyuanjiangyuliangshao,nengbunengzhongshu,zhongshenmeshuheshi,yaogaoqingchuzaigan。huanghexiayou,congtaohuayudaoruhaikou,heduanchang786gongli,qizhongzhandi15.3wangongqingdehuanghesanjiaozhouguojiajiziranbaohuqu,shiwoguonuanwendaizuiwanzheng、zuiguangkuo、zuinianqingdeshidishengtaixitong,shibaohuquanqiuwuzhongduoyangxingdetianranjiyinkuhezhongyaozhidian。yaozhenduizheyiquyushengtailiuliangpiandi、hekoushidiweisuodeshiji,zuohaoshidibaohuyuhuifugongzuo,qieshitigaoshidishengtaizhiliang,baohushengwuduoyangxing。

亚博国际登录  “jiuquhuanghewanlisha。” huangheweihai,haizainisha。huangheshuishaoshaduo、shuishaguanxibuxiediao,shihuanghefuzananzhidezhengjiesuozai。huanghenianjunshushaliangyue16yidun,xiangbizhixia,yindudehenghesuirannianshushaliangyehenda,danhanshaliangzhiyouhuanghede1/10zuoyou。yourenxingxiangdishuo,ruguobahuanghemeinianxiedaidenishaduichengyidaoyimikuanyimigaodetuqiang,zuyiraodiqiu27quan。huanghechuanguohuangtugaoyuan、jinruhuabeipingyuanhou,juliangnishayujixialai,shihechuangyuetaiyuegao,xingchenghechuanggaoyudimiande“xuanhe”,zheyeshilishishanghuanghejuekoufanlandezhongyaoyuanyin。xijinpingzongshujimingquezhichu,bixujinjinzhuazhushuishaguanxidiaojiezhege“niubizi”,wanshanshuishadiaokongjizhi,jiejuejiulongzhishui、fentouguanliwenti,shishihedaohetanquzonghetishengzhiligongcheng,jianhuanhuanghexiayouyuji,quebaohuangheyanananquan。yaokandao,huangheshuishaguanxidiaojieshiyigexitonggongcheng,xiayounishayujiyouxiayouhedaozhilidewenti,danyuantouzaizhongyoudeshuituliushi,yushangyoucaishui、kaifadenghuodongyemiqiexiangguan。tongshi,huangheshuishaguanxiyouhenweimiao,bingfeihanshaliangyueshaoyuehao。ruguorenweiguoduganyushizhongyouxiaxiedeshuiguoqingguoda,kenenghuiyinfazhongshangyounishayuji,huankenengduixiayouhedaozaochengchongji,jiajuhuanghegaidaodefengxian。weici,zongshujitebieqiangdiao,yaojianchibianzhengsiwei、xitongsiwei,baxiangguanwentiyanjiushenyanjiutou,bunengdandayi、xiangdangran。

  huangheliuyuzhuyaoweiouyadaluganhanbanganhandiqu,jiangshuixishao,nianjingliuliangzhizhanquanguo 2%。danhuangheyoushixibei、huabeidezhongyaoshuiyuan,chengdanzhuzhanquanguo15%gengdimianji、12%renkou、jishizuodazhongchengshihenengyuanjididegongshuirenwu,shuiziyuangongxumaodunshifentuchu。shangshiji70zhi90niandaijian,huanghexiayoupinfanduanliu,1997nianhuangheduanliushijianda226tian,changda704gongli。zaidangheguojiadedalizhilixia,huanghezhijinyilianxu20nianbuduanliu。danyebixukandao,huangheshuiziyuanliangjiuzhemeduo,ruheyongchuzuidaxiaoyi,limiandayouxuewen。duici,xijinpingzongshujiconglianggefangmiantichulemingqueyaoqiu:yifangmian,yaobashuiziyuanzuoweizuidadegangxingyueshu,“youduoshaotangpaoduoshaomo”,jianchiyishuidingcheng、yishuidingdi、yishuidingren、yishuidingchan,buranzuihouzhineng“jiaoganmo”le。lingyifangmian,yaotuidongyongshuifangshiyoucufangxiangjieyuejiyuezhuanbian,qieshigaibianjieshuiyishibuqiang、yongshuicufanghelangfeidewenti。zaihuangheyongshuijiegouzhong,nongyeguangaiyuezhan80%,jieshuiqianlijuda。yaodalituijinnongyejieshui,jinyibutigaoshuiziyuanliyongxiaolv。

亚博国际登录  zuohaohuangheliuyugaozhiliangfazhandawenzhang,bixubahuangheliuyufazhandeneihangaoqingchu,zhaoduiluzi,bunengyishuofazhan,jiu“jianjinkuanglidoushicai”。huangheliuyugediziranziyuanbingfu、jingjifazhantiaojiangebuxiangtong,yaofahuihaogezibijiaoyoushi,bunengdougaochengyigemoshi。zaizhepianzhongyaojianghuazhong,xijinpingzongshujiweihuangheliuyugaozhiliangfazhanquedingle“24zi”fangzhen:yishuizeshui、yishanzeshan,yiliangzeliang、yinongzenong,yigongzegong、yishangzeshang。juci,zongshujiduigedifenbietichulemingqueyaoqiu:sanjiangyuan、qilianshandengshengtaigongnengzhongyaodediqu,zhuyaorenwushibaohushengtai,hanyangshuiyuan,chuangzaogengduoshengtaichanpin。tagaojiedao,yaoxiangyixiangshiguoneishengchanzongzhizhongyaohuanshilvshuiqingshanzhongyao,chengdanqishengtaigongnengzuidahuaderenwu,erbunengzongxiangzhugaodianguoneishengchanzongzhizijiguorizi。hetaoguanqu、fenweipingyuandengliangshizhuchanqu,yaofazhanhaoxiandainongye,banongchanpinzhiliangtishangqu,baozhangguojialiangshianquan。quyuzhongxinchengshidengjingjifazhantiaojianhaodediqu,zhongdianzaijiakuaixinjiudongnengzhuanhuan,tigaojingjiherenkouchengzainengli。pinkundiquyaobadayingtuopingongjianzhanzuoweizhongzhongzhizhong,quanlibaozhanghegaishanminsheng。youtiaojiandediqu,yaojijicanyugongjian“yidaiyilu”,yigaoshuipingduiwaikaifangzhutuigaozhiliangfazhan。

  huanghebujinshiyitiaobolanzhuangkuodeziranzhihe,yeshiyitiaoyuanyuanliuchangdewenmingzhihe、wenhuazhihe。huanghewenhuashizhonghuaminzudegenyuhun,shizhonghuaminzujiandingwenhuazixindezhongyaogenji。huanghezhishuiyaobentengbuxi,huanghewenhuadexuemoyeyaoyongjiuyanxu。zaizhepianzhongyaojianghuazhong,xijinpingzongshujimingqueyaoqiu,yaobaohu、chuancheng、hongyanghuanghewenhua。jiyaotuijinhuanghewenhuayichandexitongbaohu,shouhaolaozuzongliugeiwomendebaoguiyichan,youyaoshenruwajuehuanghewenhuayunhandeshidaijiazhi,jianghao“huanghegushi”。yaojianghuanghechengzaidehuaxiaernvyuzaihaikangzhengsuoyunhandeweidachuangzaojingshen、fendoujingshen、tuanjiejingshen、mengxiangjingshenchuanchenghao、hongyanghao,shizhichengweishixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingzhongguomengdebujieliliangyuanquan。

又一個重大國家戰略

  dahebenliu,suiyueyouyou。gulaodemuqinhe,zaixinshidaiyouyinglailexindezhongdalishijiyu。zaizhepianzhongyaojianghuazhong,xijinpingzongshujizhengzhongxuanbu:“huangheliuyushengtaibaohuhegaozhiliangfazhan,tongjingjinjixietongfazhan、changjiangjingjidaifazhan、yuegangaodawanqujianshe、changsanjiaoyitihuafazhanyiyang,shizhongdaguojiazhanlve。”zongshujiyaoqiu,yaozhuajinkaizhandingcengsheji,zuzhibianzhiguihuagangyao,chenglilingdaoxiaozu,duiyixiezhongdawentijinxingshenruyanjiu、kexuelunzheng;chuangxintizhijizhi,mingquezhongyang、shengqu、shixiandezhizerenwu,quebaohuangheliuyushengtaibaohuhegaozhiliangfazhanxingwenzhiyuan。

  huanghe“jiuqushibawan”,liuyukuanguang、qingkuangfuza,tiaojianqianchawanbie。xijinpingzongshujiyaoqiu,huangheyanandefazhanyidingyaoyoudajuyishi,zhanzaiguojiade、quanjudejiaodukaolvwenti,zaidangzhongyangjizhongtongyilingdaoxia,fahuiwoguoshehuizhuyizhidujizhonglilianggandashideyouyuexing,laogushuli“yipanqi”sixiang。tatebieqiangdiao,bunengfanjizaobing,dagankuaishang,bunengyikanhuanghezheeryouyoutimule,bianjietifahui。yaobahaoguan,weihuangheliuyushengtaibaohuhegaozhiliangfazhanguihualuxian、huahao“hongxian”,bunengsuiyishangdaxiangmu,gaogezhonggeyangdekaifaqu。zhejiuweihuangheyanangediqutiqiandaleyufangzhen、qiaolejingshizhong:yaogengjiazhuzhongbaohuhezhilidexitongxing、zhengtixing、xietongxing,yishengtaibaohuweizuidaqianti,guihuahaogezidechayihuafazhandaolu,shixiankexue、lvse、kechixudefazhan。

  壺口瀑布是黃河流經秦晉大峽谷時形成的一個天然瀑布,其奔騰不息、磅礴洶涌的氣勢被視為中華民族自強不息、百折不撓、勇往直前精神的象征。“風在吼,馬在叫,黃河在咆哮……保衛家鄉!保衛黃河!保衛華北!保衛全中國!”1939年,正是這里的壯觀景象激發了創作者的靈感,寫出膾炙人口的《黃河大合唱》。圖為游客在位于山西省吉縣的黃河壺口瀑布游覽(攝于2019年6月30日)。 視覺中國 呂桂明/攝

  zhilihuanghedegonglihaohuai,yaoyibainianqiannianji,bunengji,bunengmahu。xijinpingzongshujiyizaiqiangdiao,zhilihuanghe,bunengjigongjinli,yaojiujiuweigong。zhishui,shiyouguilvkexunde。“yuzhijueduye,yinshuiyiweishi。”dayuchenggongzhilishuihuan,yuanyinzaiyuzunzhongguilv;2000duonianqianxiujiandedoujiangyanjintianhuanfahuizuoyong,yuanyinzaiyuzunzhongguilv;zhongguogongchandanglingdaorenminshixianhuanghezhilicongbeidongdaozhudongdelishixingzhuanbian,yuanyinzaiyuzunzhongguilv;changjiangjingjidaifazhanzhanlveshishi3nianlaibuduanqudexinchengjiu,yuanyinyezaiyuzunzhongguilv。xinshidaidehuanghezhili,yaogengjiazhuzhongtansuo、zhangwoheyunyongguilv,bingqizhengfushui、zhengfuzirandechongdongsixiang,zhaodaokexuedezhilizhidao。yaoyi“wanlixieruxionghuaijian”dedanpo、“mangongchuxihuo”derenjing,baochilishinaixinhezhanlvedingli,bamuguangfangchangyuan,zoushizouhaohuangheliuyushengtaibaohuhegaozhiliangfazhandemeiyibu。congyikeshudaoyipianlin,congyipoushuidaoyitiaohe,zhiyaoyinianjiezhuyiniangan、yichajiezhuyichagan,jiunengyichicunzhigong,jiqianqiuzhili,ranghuanghezaiwomenzheyidairenshouli,zhenzhengbianchengzaofuzisunwandaidexingfuhe。

  jianguerzhijin,linhuangheerzhizhongguo。huanghezhisuoyinengchongkaijuebiduoaierchu,shiyinqijijuleqianlibenyong、wanheguiliudehonghuangweili。jintian,zhongguorenminhezhonghuaminzuzailishijinchengzhongjileideqiangdanengliang,zhengrutonghuangheyiyangchongfenbaofachulai。zheshizhonghuaminzushixianweidafuxingshibukedangdebangboliliang!